1. Organic Cotton
Organic cotton comes from seeds that have not
been genetically modified (non-GMO) and is
grown without the use of chemical pesticides or fertilisers.
Organic cotton farming uses natural methods, such as crop rotation, which benefit not only
the soil, fauna and the environment, but create biodiversity and promote good health and quality of life for
farmers and their communities.¹
2. Ecological & Social Criteria
Separation from conventional fibre products and identification of organic fibre products ● Use of GOTS approved colourants and auxiliaries in wet-processing only ● Processing units must demonstrate environment management, including wastewater treatment ● Technical quality parameters for colour fastness and shrinkage for finished goods required ● Restrictions on accessories ● Restrictions on additional fibre materials ● Environmentally hazardous substances prohibited in chemical inputs ● Evaluation of toxicity and biodegradability for chemical inputs²
● Employment is freely chosen
● Freedom of association and collective bargaining
● Child labour shall not be used
● No discrimination is practised
● Occupational health and safety (OHS)No harassment and violence
● Remuneration and assessment of living wage gap
● Working time
● No precarious employment is provided
● Migrant workers²
3. All Processing Stages
The standard covers the processing, manufacturing, packaging, labelling, trading and distribution of all textiles made from at least 70% certified organic fibres.
The GOTS certification system starts with the first processing step in the textile supply chain. The processing of textiles is based on the conversion of fibre into yarn and yarn into fabric. For example, for cotton, ginning is the first processing stage, at which seeds are removed from cotton bolls. Organic fibre cultivation, the initial production, is covered by any international or national organic farming standard that is approved in the IFOAM Family of Standards.
All steps in the processing, manufacturing and trading of organic textiles are covered by GOTS. All must be certified to strict ecological and social criteria in order for the product to carry the GOTS label. In this way, the GOTS puts an end to greenwashing. ³